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Acronym and term references

AI-  Artificial Intelligence: The intelligence exhibited by machines or software. It is also the name of the academic field of study which studies how to create computers and computer software that are capable of intelligent behavior.


AR- Augmented Reality: A live direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data.


Rendering: One of the major sub-topics of 3D computer graphics, and in practice is always connected to the others. In the graphics pipeline, it is the last major step, giving the final appearance to the models and animation.


Tile Rendering: The process of subdividing (or tiling) a computer graphics image by a regular grid in image space to exploit local spatial coherence in the scene and/or to facilitate the use of limited hardware rendering resources later in the graphics pipeline.


Parallel Processing: Computer architecture by which specific types of computations  with resource intense calculations are carried out simultaneously by several processor cores, processor threads, joined int clusters of servers operating on the principle that large problems can often be divided into smaller ones, which are then solved at the same time.


Open Source:  Computer program in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design. Open-source has become widely accepted as development times are reduced through this collaborative effort, where programmers improve upon the source code and share the changes within the community. Large software providers typically do not share source code, there are usually software license restrictions and fees attached.


Creative Commons (CC): A non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative works available for others to build upon legally and to share. The organization has released several copyright-licenses known as Creative Commons licenses free of charge to the public.


Render Farm:  A high performance computer system, e.g. a computer cluster, built to render computer-generated imagery (CGI), typically for film and television visual effects.


Render Node: A a character device that exposes a GPU's off-screen rendering and GPU capabilities to unprivileged programs, without exposing any display manipulation access. This is the first step in an effort to decouple the kernel's interfaces for GPUs and display controllers from the obsolete notion of a graphics.


GPU:  A graphics processing unit, is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display.


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